He also dwells that Latin America, depicted in light blue, either a part of the West or a separate civilization akin to the West, he also considered Haiti to be. Die Begriffe westliche Welt, der Westen, westliche Hochkultur oder auch Abendland können je nach Kontext verschiedene Bedeutungen haben. Die Great Books of the Western World sind eine bändige Buchreihe, die in den Vereinigten Staaten von Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. veröffentlicht.
Social Cohesion in the Western WorldBei uns findest du die besten Western-Marken in einem Online-Shop. Westernbekleidung kauft man bei World of Western. Many people in the Western world are concerned that the social fabric of societies is fraying. This book constitutes the first-of-its-kind systematic account of social. Die Great Books of the Western World sind eine bändige Buchreihe, die in den Vereinigten Staaten von Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. veröffentlicht.
Western World Navigation menu VideoPennywise - The Western World [Official Video]
Er Western World in der Abteilung fr Organisierte Kriminalitt Dezernatsleiter. - Public diplomacy of Western world countries as a tool of democracy promotionDas Projekt für die Jo Byung Gyu der Buchreihe Great Books of the Western World begann an der University of Chicago.
By the midth century, Western culture was widespread throughout the world with the help of mass media, such as television, film, radio, and music.
The term "Western culture" is used broadly to refer to traditions, social norms, religious beliefs, technologies, and political systems.
Because the culture is so widespread today, the term "Western world" has a cultural, economic, and political definition. The cultural definition, known as the Latin West, broadly refers to all of the countries shaped by Western Christianity Catholic and Protestant churches , have similar cultural and ethical values, and use the Latin alphabet.
The political definition is known as the Cold War West. The Greeks influenced the Romans through their science, philosophy, social structure, and architecture.
Western civilization is also linked to Christianity, which had a significant impact on Roman culture, Hellenistic philosophy. The Renaissance had a great influence on Western culture, as did the Age of Enlightenment, the Age of Discovery, the Scientific Revolution, and the Industrial Revolution.
Starting from the 15th century and through to the 20th century, Western powers carried out extensive colonization and later engaged in mass culture exportation to other countries.
As a result, the whole world has been heavily influenced by Western culture in what has been popularly referred to as Westernization. In economics, the phrase "Western World" is occasionally used in place of developed countries or the First World.
Although not part of Western colonization process proper, following the Middle Ages Western culture in fact entered other global-spanning cultures during the colonial 15th—20th centuries.
With the discovery of the American continent or ' New World ' in —, the European colonial Age of Discovery and exploration was born, revisiting an imperialistic view accompanied by the invention of firearms , while marking the start of the Modern Era.
During this long period the Catholic Church launched a major effort to spread Christianity in the New World and to convert the Native Americans and others.
A 'Modern West' emerged from the Late Middle Ages after the Renaissance and fall of Constantinople as a new civilization greatly influenced by the interpretation of Greek thought preserved in the Byzantine Empire, and transmitted from there by Latin translations and emigration of Greek scholars through Renaissance humanism.
Popular typefaces such as italics were inspired and designed from transcriptions during this period. Renaissance architectural works, revivals of Classical and Gothic styles, flourished during this modern period throughout Western colonial empires.
In the 13th and 14th centuries, a number of European travelers, many of them Christian missionaries , had sought to cultivate trading with Asia and Africa.
With the Crusades came the relative contraction of the Orthodox Byzantine 's large silk industry in favour of Catholic Western Europe and the rise of Western Papacy.
The most famous of these merchant travelers pursuing East—west trade was Venetian Marco Polo. But these journeys had little permanent effect on east—west trade because of a series of political developments in Asia in the last decades of the 14th century, which put an end to further European exploration of Asia: namely the new Ming rulers were found to be unreceptive of religious proselytism by European missionaries and merchants.
Meanwhile, the Ottoman Turks consolidated control over the eastern Mediterranean , closing off key overland trade routes. The Portuguese spearheaded the drive to find oceanic routes that would provide cheaper and easier access to South and East Asian goods, by advancements in maritime technology such as the caravel ship introduced in the mids.
The charting of oceanic routes between East and West began with the unprecedented voyages of Portuguese and Spanish sea captains.
In European colonialism expanded across the globe with the exploring voyage of merchant, navigator, and Hispano - Italian colonizer Christopher Columbus.
Such voyages were influenced by medieval European adventurers after the European spice trade with Asia, who had journeyed overland to the Far East contributing to geographical knowledge of parts of the Asian continent.
They are of enormous significance in Western history as they marked the beginning of the European exploration, colonization and exploitation of the American continents and their native inhabitants.
Before the abolition of its slave trade in , the British Empire alone which had started colonial efforts in , almost a century after Portuguese and Spanish empires was responsible for the transportation of 3.
In the earlyth century, the systematic urbanisation process migration from villages in search of jobs in manufacturing centers had begun, and the concentration of labour into factories led to the rise in the population of the towns.
World population had been rising as well. It is estimated to have first reached one billion in These are seen as fostering the 19th century Western world' s sustained economic development.
List of legislative buildings. List of largest church buildings. List of Catholic basilicas. Colonial architecture.
Before the urbanisation and industrialization of the s, demand for oriental goods such as porcelain , silk , spices and tea remained the driving force behind European imperialism in Asia, and with the important exception of British East India Company rule in India the European stake in Asia remained confined largely to trading stations and strategic outposts necessary to protect trade.
Between the s and the so-called Beautiful Era , socioeconomically optimistic and innovative decades of the Second Industrial Revolution , the established colonial powers in Asia United Kingdom, France, Netherlands added to their empires also vast expanses of territory in the Indian Subcontinent and South East Asia.
Japan was involved primarily in the so-called Meiji period — , though earlier contact with the Portuguese, the Spaniards and the Dutch were also present in recognition of European nations as strategically important to the Japanese Empire.
The traditional Japanese society was virtually overturned into an industrial and militarist power like Western countries such as the United Kingdom and the French Third Republic , and similar to the German Empire and Russian Empire.
The United States , following the Spanish—American War in , quickly emerged as the new imperial power in East Asia and in the Pacific Ocean area.
In the aftermath of the Second World War , decolonizing efforts were employed by all Western powers under United Nations ex- League of Nations international directives.
Most of colonized nations received independence by Great Britain showed ongoing responsibility for the welfare of its former colonies as member states of the Commonwealth of Nations.
But the end of Western colonial imperialism saw the rise of Westrern neocolonialism or economic imperialism. Multinational corporations came to offer "a dramatic refinement of the traditional business enterprise", through "issues as far ranging as national sovereignty, ownership of the means of production, environmental protection, consumerism, and policies toward organized labor.
During the Cold War , a new definition emerged. Earth was divided into three "worlds". The First World , analogous in this context to what was called the West , was composed of NATO members and other countries aligned with the United States.
The Second World was the Eastern bloc in the Soviet sphere of influence , including the Soviet Union 15 republics including the then-occupied and presently independent Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Warsaw Pact countries like Poland, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, East Germany now united with Germany , and Czechoslovakia now split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The Third World consisted of countries, many of which were unaligned with either , and important members included India, Yugoslavia , Finland Finlandization and Switzerland Swiss Neutrality ; some include the People's Republic of China , though this is disputed, since the People's Republic of China, as communist, had friendly relations—at certain times—with the Soviet bloc, and had a significant degree of importance in global geopolitics.
Some Third World countries aligned themselves with either the US-led West or the Soviet-led Eastern bloc. A number of countries did not fit comfortably into this neat definition of partition, including Switzerland, Sweden, Austria, and Ireland , which chose to be neutral.
Finland was under the Soviet Union's military sphere of influence see FCMA treaty but remained neutral and was not communist, nor was it a member of the Warsaw Pact or Comecon but a member of the EFTA since , and was west of the Iron Curtain.
In , when Austria again became a fully independent republic, it did so under the condition that it remain neutral; but as a country to the west of the Iron Curtain, it was in the United States' sphere of influence.
Spain did not join the NATO until , seven years after the death of the authoritarian Franco. In a debated Cold War II , a new definition emerged inside the realm of western journalism.
More specifically, Cold War II,  also known as the Second Cold War, New Cold War,  Cold War Redux,  Cold War 2.
The exact scope of the Western world is somewhat subjective in nature, depending on whether cultural, economic, spiritual or political criteria are employed.
It is a generally accepted [ citation needed ] western view to recognize the existence of at least three "major worlds" or "cultures", or "civilizations" , broadly in contrast with the Western: the Eastern world , the Arab and the African worlds, with no clearly specified boundaries.
Additionally, Latin American and Orthodox worlds are sometimes separately considered "akin" to the West. Many anthropologists, sociologists and historians oppose "the West and the Rest" in a categorical manner.
As the term " Western world " does not have a strict international definition, governments do not use the term in legislation of international treaties and instead rely on other definitions.
In modern usage, Western world refers to Europe and to areas whose populations largely originate from Europe , through the Age of Discovery's imperialism.
In the 20th century, Christianity declined in influence in many Western countries, mostly in the European Union where some member states have experienced falling church attendance and membership in recent years,  and also elsewhere.
Secularism separating religion from politics and science increased. However, while church attendance is in decline, in some western countries i.
Italy, Poland and Portugal more than half the people state that religion is important ,  and most Westerners nominally identify themselves as Christians e.
In the Americas, Christianity continues to play an important societal role, though in areas such as Canada, a low level of religiosity is common due to a European-type secularization.
The official religions of the United Kingdom and some Nordic countries are forms of Christianity, while the majority of European countries have no official religion.
Despite this, Christianity, in its different forms, remains the largest faith in most Western countries. From traditional architecture , fashion , music, cuisine and Christian religion.
The Philippines is in itself a Spanish creation. Western world countries also are the most keen on digital and televisual media technologies, as they were in the postwar period on television and radio: from to , internet 's market penetration in the West was twice that in non- Western regions.
The term "Western world" is sometimes interchangeably used with the term First World or developed countries , stressing the difference between First World and the Third World or developing countries.
This usage occurs despite the fact that many countries that may be culturally "Western" are developing countries — in fact, a significant percentage of the Americas are developing countries.
It is also used despite many developed countries or regions not being Western e. Japan , Singapore , South Korea , Taiwan , Hong Kong , Macao , and therefore left out when " Western world " is used to denote developed countries.
Privatization policies involving government enterprises and public services and multinational corporations are often considered a visible sign of Western nations's economic presence, especially in Third World countries, and represent common institutional environment for powerful politicians, enterprises, trade unions and firms, bankers and thinkers of the Western world.
American political scientist, adviser and academic Samuel P. Huntington considered Latin America as separate from the Western world for the purpose of his geopolitical analysis.
Although it is a scion of European mainly Spanish and Portuguese civilization, it also incorporates, to an extent, elements of indigenous American civilizations, absent from North America and Europe.
It has had a corporatist and authoritarian culture that Europe had to a much lesser extent. Both Europe and North America felt the effects of the Reformation and combined Catholic and Protestant culture.
Historically, Latin America has been only Catholic, although this is changing due to the influx of Protestants into the region.
Some regions in Latin America incorporate indigenous cultures, which did not exist in Europe and were effectively annihilated in the United States, and whose importance oscillates between two extremes: Mexico, Central America, Paraguay, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia, on the one hand, and Uruguay, Brazil, Chile and Argentina on the other.
However, he does mention that the modus operandi of the Catholic Church was to incorporate native elements of pagan European cultures into the general dogma of Catholicism, and the Native American elements could be perceived in the same way.
Some say: "Yes, we are part of the West. Huntington goes on to mention that Latin America could be considered a sub-civilization within Western civilization, or a separate civilization intimately related to the West and divided as to its belonging to it.
While the second option is the most appropriate and useful for an analysis focused on the international political consequences of civilizations, including relations between Latin America, on the one hand, and North America and Europe, on the other, he also mentions that the underlying conflict of Latin America belonging to the West must eventually be addressed in order to develop a cohesive Latin American identity.
According to Samuel P. Huntington , some countries are torn on whether they are Western or not, with typically the national leadership pushing for Westernization , while historical, cultural and traditional forces remain largely non-Western.
It is his chief example of a "torn country" that is attempting to join Western civilization. It joined NATO and since the s has been seeking to join the European Union with very slow progress.
He also gives the example of Australia as a country torn between its Western civilizational heritage and its growing economic engagement with Asia.
A series of scholars of civilization, including Arnold J. Toynbee , Alfred Kroeber and Carroll Quigley have identified and analyzed "Western civilization" as one of the civilizations that have historically existed and still exist today.
Toynbee entered into quite an expansive mode, including as candidates those countries or cultures who became so heavily influenced by the West as to adopt these borrowings into their very self-identity.
Carried to its limit, this would in practice include almost everyone within the West, in one way or another.
In particular, Toynbee refers to the intelligentsia formed among the educated elite of countries impacted by the European expansion of centuries past.
While often pointedly nationalist, these cultural and political leaders interacted within the West to such an extent as to change both themselves and the West.
The theologian and paleontologist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin conceived of the West as the set of civilizations descended from the Nile Valley Civilization of Egypt.
Palestinian-American literary critic Edward Said uses the term occident in his discussion of orientalism. According to his binary , the West, or Occident, created a romanticized vision of the East, or Orient, to justify colonial and imperialist intentions.
This Occident-Orient binary focuses on the Western vision of the East instead of any truths about the East. His theories are rooted in Hegel 's master-slave dialectic : The Occident would not exist without the Orient and vice versa.
Further, Western writers created this irrational, feminine, weak "Other" to contrast with the rational, masculine, strong West because of a need to create a difference between the two that would justify imperialist ambitions, according to the Said-influenced Indian-American theorist Homi K.
Division of the Roman Empire after into western and eastern part. The geopolitical divisions in Europe that created a concept of East and West originated in the Roman Empire.
Latin alphabet world distribution. The dark green areas show the countries where this alphabet is the sole official or de facto official national script.
Photos Add Image. Edit Cast Credited cast: Dennis Craig Hensley Barrell Top Dealer Justin Rose Danny Holt Amanda Miller Clara Nancy Pushkar Red Head Prostitute Donald Smith Livery Owner as Don Smith JoAnna Lloyd Wades Whore Darrell P.
Sheriff Tom Ramey Jaylen Stoneburner Girl in the Grass David Gaylor Doctor Caleb Moss Christopher Rowley US Marshal Moses White Greg Steele Mayor Ambrose Taylor Brian Spangler US Marshal Wade Loveless Jason Podplesky Harlan Pritz Robert Beckstedt Edit Storyline When US Marshal Moses White is called to the Wyoming Territory town of Dogwood Pass he never realized the corruption and deceit that awaited his arrival.
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Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Report this. Frequently Asked Questions This FAQ is empty. Add the first question.Some Third World countries aligned themselves with either the US-led West or the Soviet-led Eastern bloc. Later concepts of a world of nation-states born by the Peace of Westphalia incoupled with the ideologies of the Enlightenment, the coming of modernityKleine Feste Brüste Scientific Revolution  and the Industrial Revolution would produce powerful social transformations, political and economic institutions that have come to influence or Diamanten Hochzeit imposed upon most nations of the world today. Before the Cold War era, the traditional Western viewpoint identified Western Ncis New Orleans Season 4 with the Western Christian Catholic-Protestant countries and culture.